UBB researchers conducted a study on student themes
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The conclusions of the study conducted on 400 students of the second grade show that increasing the volume of homework in primary education can have a positive effect.
“When I measured the average time spent by students doing the homework, I found that the students in the second group, who had the homework volume closest to the optimal volume, spent an average of 20 minutes doing the homework. As a result, the study scientifically validates both the 10-minute rule of the US National Association of Educators and the Ministerial Order of 2016 ″, the researcher announced.
Dacian Dolean explained that, in the US, the National Association of Educators suggested to teachers to apply the 10-minute rule to the classroom. "If a second-grade student should spend around 20 minutes doing the homework, an average fourth-grade student should spend 40 minutes," the Romanian researcher said.
"It is the first experimental study that clearly shows a causal relationship" between the volume of homework in primary education and the results of the students, announces, Dolean, who has published widely the research results. The study was funded by a grant from UEFISCDI, the unit subordinated to the Ministry of Education, which organizes competitions of ideas between researchers and finances the winning projects.
The one who conducted the study "Regulating the volume of homework in primary school students: How much is too much?" is Dacian Dolean, a researcher affiliated with the Psychology Department of Babeș-Bolyai University.
“The obtained results do NOT show that the homework at home in the second grade has no effect. They show that the development of the multiplication fluency is largely dependent on other factors, which I did not surprise in this experiment (IQ, visuospatial working memory, temperament - hereditary). But a minimum and varied number of exercises (performed consistently and frequently) may be sufficient ”, says the research author.
He mentions that "the results did not evaluate the quality of the feedback received by the students", given that "we have studies that show the crucial role that parents support in the evolution of children. The student will have more to learn from 4 exercises that the mother has time to check and explain any errors, than to do 40 exercises and because of the over-dimensioning of the subject the parent will not have time and motivation to check the topic ”.
"When I measured the average time spent by students doing the homework, I found that the students in the second group, who had a theme volume closest to the optimal volume, spent an average of 20 minutes doing the homework. As a result, the study scientifically validates both the 10-minute rule of the US National Association of Educators and the Ministerial Order in 2016, ”says Dacian Dolean, an expert in education sciences.
“Increasing the volume of homework in primary education can have a positive effect. It is the first experimental study that clearly shows a causal relationship ”.
"Overcrowding of children with the same types of exercises is not effective. An exception in this case would be reading. In general, it is all the better, as children read more quality books and appropriate to their age and interests. ”
The relationship between homework volume and school performance is curvilinear. Up to a point, the theme can have a positive effect, after which the effect disappears.